ADHD: A Guide To ADHD Causes, Symptoms And Treatment 2019
Whether you have been diagnosed with ADHD, or you just display some ADHD-like symptoms, this actionable guide tells you all you need to know about ADHD, and how to treat the symptoms.
Table of Contents
You may think you’re familiar with the symptoms and treatments available for ADHD, but we’ll be going through the different and subtle ways this disorder can manifest from childhood through to adulthood.
But first, what is ADHD?
ADHD is a disorder characterised by hyperactivity, impulsiveness, and inattention. Beginning in childhood, most often the symptoms extend into adulthood.
However, no one knows what ADHD is caused by, although it is generally understood that it can run in families.
While there is no cure for ADHD, we’ll be going through some steps that can help manage and alleviate its symptoms.
Most people associate restlessness and extreme energy with the disorder, so we’ll be breaking down other symptoms that are part of ADHD, and the treatments that are out there.
We’ll be looking mainly at the three characteristics that make up ADHD and how they show themselves in childhood and adulthood.
These symptoms can affect you in a variety of ways. The inattentive aspect to the disorder could lead to poor organisation and time management for instance.
The hyperactive and impulsive behaviour induced by ADHD can cause restlessness.
If you’re looking for more information on symptoms and diagnosis of ADHD in adults, we’ve also written a guide to this that you can look at here: (Link) Adult ADHD Guide: What is it? Signs of Adult ADHD, Getting A Diagnosis and Treatments
ADHD vs. ADD
You may be familiar with the terms ADD and ADHD, but wondering what the differences are between these disorders.
Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is a form of ADHD.
ADD can often go undiagnosed or unnoticed, because this disorder means people struggle with inattention issues, and not hyperactivity or impulsiveness.
However, those with ADHD also can have problems concentrating on things in daily life, just as those with ADD.
ADHD is often diagnosed faster because its hyperactive symptoms mostly become apparent in childhood.
ADHD Symptoms In Adults
While children with ADHD are full of energy and sometimes impulsivity, the symptoms in adults are usually less extreme, but they do usually have the same sense of energy and restlessness.
Some studies have suggested that while hyperactivity can decrease with age, impulsive behaviours can increase, as adult life can indulge more risk-taking behaviours.
It has even been reported that concentration levels in adults have decreased.
Symptoms in adults can often appear in more subtle ways than in a child. For instance, a child with ADHD could act impulsively in a classroom by calling out answers, while an adult could do so by dominating the conversation with others.
Symptoms can include:
2) Poor time management
3) Difficulties multi-tasking
ADHD Symptoms In Children
The symptoms we’ve just discussed begin in early childhood for those with ADHD, meaning it is commonly diagnosed in this period of life, and its symptoms can be more extreme.
ADHD can appear before the age of seven, although you cannot test for it.
While everyone experiences these symptoms occasionally, it is whether they become persistently disruptive and extend into different environments and aspects of your life; this can be recognised in childhood.
Hyperactivity is a big part of being able to diagnose the disorder in childhood, because they appear to be constantly moving and full of energy. The child also would not be able to control these energies.
Their abundant energy can sometimes be felt in their chatter, an unwillingness to let other children talk, and also in their desire to answer questions first, which can be informed by their impulsivity.
Being in the classroom, many children with ADHD can suffer inattentiveness, which is exacerbated by long lessons and homework that can demand a lot of focus.
Children with this disorder can sometimes mistakenly be considered disruptive, as they can find it difficult to sit still or follow instructions.
Often children with ADHD are understood to be incapable of paying attention. However, this is not true, as they can fully devote themselves to tasks that they enjoy. If this becomes boring, this is when the child loses interest.
There a wide range of treatments available for people with ADHD, and they can range in focus from medication and therapy to exercise and diet.
Treatments out there aim to alleviate the symptoms of ADHD to help those with the disorder manage its effects in their daily lives.
Medication, often alongside therapy, is widely used to treat ADHD. However, it is important to recognise that they do not cure ADHD, but help manage its symptoms.
According to the NHS, there is four main types of prescription drugs used to control its symptoms, these being Methylphenidate, Dexamfetamine, Atomoxetine, Lisdexamfetamine.
Beside Atomoxetine, the listed prescription drugs are stimulants and tend to work quickly.
Medication can help improve concentration and focus for those with ADHD, but should be regulated according to the individual, by a doctor.
2) Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
This kind of therapy involves communication and discussion, and is a means of correcting thought patterns that are disruptive and negative to those with ADHD.
This kind of therapy can be explored alone, or in a group situation, depending on what you feel comfortable with.
This kind of therapy can provide you with a good support network and determine how to organise and structure your life better.
Many studies also opt for encouraging those with ADHD to have a diet high in protein, in order to stop blood sugars rising, which could add to the hyperactive aspect of ADHD.
Alongside dietary changes, some studies have recommended supplements as a way of helping to manage ADHD. This includes adding Omega-3 fatty acids into your diet, or even vitamin B6 which increases your dopamine levels.
Regular physical exercise is often recommended for, and used by those with ADHD.
Exercise can help your mind concentrate, and build in a way to ensure you have time to focus on your body and mind.
Beyond this, exercise increases your dopamine levels and your endorphins.
You could try something simple like going on walks, but more intense activities such as martial arts are also a great way to harness your attention and use your energies.
Specifically going outside to do some physical exercises could also improve the effects of ADHD, as some studies suggest being outdoors can alleviate fatigue, particularly experienced by children after a school day.
5) Organisation Strategies
If you’re struggling to balance some of the symptoms of ADHD with a busy working routine, you can try incorporating small steps to organising your day.
This can be as simple as using a diary, on paper or on your smartphone, and using this to structure aspects of your life.
While this won’t treat ADHD, alongside these other treatments people with ADHD use, this can be a useful tip to managing the symptoms.
Even changing your environment into one that works for you more can help alleviate symptoms or distractions, helping you to focus on your tasks more.
Many naturally-sourced supplements have been shown to enhance concentration, as well as calm you down.
This makes it an effective choice for those who are looking to treat ADHD-like symptoms.
When choosing a supplement for this purpose, we recommend opting for a stack. A supplement stack is a single supplement that contains many different individual ingredients, often working in synergy together.
Both of these are scientifically-proven to support concentration and mental performance, and also provide a calming effect.
You can get a free sample of them today.
If you have been diagnosed with ADHD then you should stick with the treatment recommended by your Doctor.
However, if you have ADHD-like symptoms BrainZyme® may help.
All of BrainZyme®'s products have been scientifically-proven to support concentration, focus, attention, mental performance and the reduction of tiredness in under one hour.
This article is for educational purposes. BrainZyme is not intended to treat, diagnose or cure any medical disorder. If you have concerns about ADHD then I’d highly recommend you see a Doctor.